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        1. 海洋卫士压载水
          首页 > 新闻 > 船市观察 > 正文

          新一轮超大型集装箱船订单的无奈与疯狂

          2018-11-11 18:17:00
          来源:中国远洋海运e刊 编辑: 国际船舶网 我有话要说

          炫美棋牌8YUEFENYILAI,SUIZHEDAFEI、ZHANGRONG、DIZHONGHAIDENGJIJIABANLUNJUTOUXINYILUNCHAODAXINGJIZHUANGXIANGCHUANBODINGDANDECHANSHENG,CHENJILEYIDUANSHIJIANDECHUANBODAXINGHUABUFAZAICIYINQIYEJIEGAODUGUANZHU。8YUE,FAGUODAFEIHAIYUNJITUANQIANSHU5SOU15000TEUCHAODAXINGJIZHUANGXIANGCHUAN,QIZHONG3SOUSHUANGRANLIAO(LNG+RANYOU)、2SOUCHANGGUIRANLIAO(DAITUOLIUTA);10YUE,ZHANGRONGHAIYUNPILULE10SOU23000TEUCHAODAXINGJIZHUANGXIANGCHUAN;TONGYUE,DIZHONGHAIHANGYUNNIZHUIJIA5SOU23000TEUCHAODAXINGJIZHUANGXIANGCHUAN,LEIJIYUNLIYOUWANGCHAOGUOMASHIJIZUOSHANGQUANQIUDIYIDABANLUNGONGSIDEBAOZUO。

          炫美棋牌RANERRUHEKANDAIXINYILUNCHAODAXINGJIZHUANGXIANGCHUANBODINGDANDEBEIHOULUOJI?DAXINGJIZHUANGXIANGCHUANBOSHICHANGQIANJINGRUHE?WEILAIQITABANLUNGONGSISHIFOUHUIJIXUGENJIN?ZHEIXIEWENTIYEZHIDEYEJIETAOLUNYUSIKAO。

          超大型集装箱船舶订单增长的无奈

          ANZHAOSHANGHAIGUOJIHANGYUNYANJIUZHONGXINGUOJIHANGYUNYANJIUSUOGUSUAN,KAOLVDANGQIANZHUGANHANGXIANPUBIANCAIQUJIANSUHANGXINGYUXIANZHIYUNLIDENGYINSU,DANGQIANQUANQIUJIZHUANGXIANGCHUANDUIGONGJIZHISHAOGUOSHENGZAI10%ZUOYOUDEBILI。ERCONGWEILAI1-2NIANDESHICHANGGONGXUQINGKUANGLAIKAN,SHICHANGGONGXUBINGWUCHUXIANMINGXIANGAISHAN,RENGWEIKANDAOBANLUNGONGSIBOTISUDEJIHUA(PUBIANTISUSHIFANYINGXINGYEXINXINDEZHONGYAOBIAOZHI)。RUCISHICHANGZHUANGKUANG,BANLUNQIYEZHUIZAODACHUANSHISHUWUNAI:

          (1)MEIBIAOZHUNJIZHUANGXIANGDEZAOJIAGENGDI。2019NIANZHANGRONGHAIYUN23000TEUCHUANBODANJIA1.53YIMEIYUAN,2014NIANZHONGHAIJIYUN19000TEUDANCHUANZAOJIA1.37YIMEIYUAN,2011NIANMASHIJIHANGYUN18000TEUDANCHUANZAOJIA1.9YIMEIYUAN。DANCHUNCONGDANWEITEUDECHUANBOZAOJIALAIKAN,FENBIEWEI0.67WANMEIYUAN/TEU、0.72WANMEIYUAN/TEU、1.06WANMEIYUAN/TEU,HOUMIANDANXIANGJIANZAOCHENGBENYAOYUANDIYUQIANZHE。

          (2)DANWEITEUDEMEIRIYOUHAOGENGDI。SUIZHEJIZHUANGXIANGCHUANBOTEUSHULIANGZENGJIA,DACHUANMEIRIYOUHAOZENGZHANGBINGBUDUO,GENGDACHUANBODEDANWEITEURIYOUHAOYOUSHIMINGXIAN。DANSUIZHEJIZHUANGXIANGCHUANBOYUELAIYUEDA,DANWEITEURIYOUHAOJIANGDIKONGJIANYUELAIYUEXIAO。

          (3)CHUANBODAXINGHUAYULIANMENGHUAJINGZHENGDEWUNAIZHIJU。SUIZHECHUANBODAXINGHUAYULIANMENGHUAQUSHIJIASU,DONGXIGANXIANJIBENBEI14000+TEUCHUANBOZHUDAO,CHUANXINGBUGOUDAHUODACHUANSHULIANGBUZUDOUJIANGYANZHONGXUERUOBANLUNQIYEZAIDONGXIGANXIANDEJINGZHENGLI(JIANBIAO1),SHENZHIMIANLINBEILIANMENGBIANYUANHUADEFENGXIAN。NISHUIXINGZHOU,BUJINZETUI,ZHINENGDINGZHUYALITISHENGZISHENDACHUANDESHULIANGYUBILI。WEILAI2-3NIANKEYIYUJI,RUGUOMEIYOUYIZU18000+TEUCHUANBODEBANLUNGONGSIHENNANZAIDONGXIGANXIANLIZU,MIANLINBEIPOTUICHUZHUGANHANGXIANDEFENGXIAN。

          表1 主要班轮巨头的超大型集装箱船舶配置情况

          (4)SUIZHEDIZHONGHAI、ZHANGRONGHAIYUN、XIANDAISHANGCHUANDENG23000TEUDINGDANLUXUCHANSHENGHEDAFEILUNCHUANLNGDONGLIJIZHUANGXIANGCHUANBOSHISHUI,WEILAIYEBUPAICHUQITABANLUNGONGSIJINYIBUGENJINDEKENENGXING。

          超大型集装箱船舶订单增长的疯狂

          炫美棋牌JINGUANCHAODAXINGJIZHUANGXIANGCHUANBOYIJINGCHENGWEITIXIANBANLUNJUTOUJINGZHENGLIDEBIAOPEI,DANSHIBUDUANSHENGJIDECHAODAXINGCHUANBODINGDANJINGZHENGYEJIANGJISHICHANGDAILAIZHUDUOYINHUAN,YEMIANLINJIAODADETOUZIFENGXIAN。

          炫美棋牌QIYI,14000+TEUJIZHUANGXIANGCHUANBOSHIYONGXINGJIAOZHAI(JIANBIAO2),ZHINENGBEIPEIZHIDAOYUANDONG-XIBEIOUHANGXIAN,PEIZHIDAOQITAHANGXIANFUWUSHIXIAOXING、ZONGHEYUNSHUCHENGBENDENGBINGWUJINGJIXING。CONGZHANGZHOUQILAIKAN,WEILAIZHONGGUOYUOUMENGJINGJI、MAOYIJIEGOUJIANGYUELAIYUEXIANGJIN,ZHANGDA25-33NIANDECHUANBOSHENGMINGZHOUQILISHIXIANGHUOQIANJINGBINGBUMINGLANG。

          表2 不同船型再不同航线的配置情况

          QIER,CHAODAXINGJIZHUANGXIANGCHUANBOCHIXUTOUFANGSIHUZAI“NISHIERWEI”(JIANTU1)。DONGXIGANXIANHUOLIANGZENGZHANGMINGXIANFANGHUAN,YUDONGXIGANXIANYUNLICHIXUZENGZHANGDEQUSHIYANZHONGBUFU。2008NIANDONGXISANDAGANXIANHAIYUNLIANGQUANQIUZHANBIHAIZAI50%,2018NIANZHEIGEBILIJINYOU32%LE。CONG2008-2018NIANHUOLIANGBIANHUALAIKAN,YUANDONG-XIBEIOUHANGXIANHUOLIANGZENGSUWEIHUQIWEI,ERQUYUNEIYUNANBEIMAOYIZENGSUMINGXIAN。JINGUANDANGQIANQUYUNEIMAOYI(YOUQISHIYAZHOUQUYUNEIHUOLIANG)SHIZUOWEIDONGXIGANXIANDESHAODAIFANWEI,SHIYIZHONGHUOLIANGBUCHONG,DANSHISUIZHEMASHIJIDENGBANLUNJUTOUKAISHIBUJUNANBEIHANGXIAN,BINGTISHENGNANBEIHANGXIANDEBANQIMIDU;TONGSHI,SHANDONGHAIFENG、FANYAHANGYUNDENGQUYUNEIZHIDAHUOPINPAIHANGXIANFUWUBUDUANYOUHUA,WEILAIYUANDONG-XIBEIOUHANGXIANHUOLIANGMIANLINJIAODADEFENLIUYALI,CHAODAXINGJIZHUANGXIANGCHUANBOKENENGMIANLINZHUANZAILVBUZUDEKUNJING。

          图1 2008-2018年分航线集装箱海运量

          QISAN,YUANDONG-XIBEIOUYANXIANMATOUCHISHUITIAOJIANXIANZHILECHAODAXINGJIZHUANGXIANGCHUANBODEFUSHENENGLI。YOUYUDANGQIAN18000+TEUCHUANBOCHISHUIYIBANDOUZAI16mYINEI,GENGDADEJIZHUANGXIANGCHUANBOYEJIBENSHANGSHIZAICHUANKUANYUCHUANZHANGSHANGZUOTUOZHAN,ERYUANDONG-XIBEIOUHANGXIANKEYIMANZUCHISHUIYUHUOLIANGSHUANGZHONGTIAOJIANDEGANGKOUSHULIANGXIANGDUIYOUXIAN。RUGUOYAOBAOZHENGYUANDONG-XIBEIOUHANGXIANBANLUNBANQIFUWUXIAOLV,SHIBIYAOKONGZHIHUOJIANSHAOGUAKAOGANGKOUDESHULIANG,YEYIWEIZHEMEIGEGANGKOUFENPEIDEXIANGLIANGJIANGHUIZENGJIA,YEHUIZENGJIACHUANBOZAIGANGSHIJIAN、ZAIGANGCHENGBEN,ZENGJIABANLUNGONGSIHUOWUZUZHIYUJISANDEFUZAXING。

          炫美棋牌QISI,DANGQIAN14000+TEUCHUANBORUGUOQUANBUJIAOFUBINGTOUFANGYUANDONG-XIBEIOUHANGXIAN,DANWEIYUNLI、ZONGHEYUNNENGDENGZHIBIAOYIJINGJIEJINYUANDONG-XIBEIOUHANGXIANDEYUNLIRONGLIANG(JIANBIAO3),ERQIANTIBIXUSHI14000TEUYIXIACHUANBOQUANBUTUICHUYUANDONG-XIBEIOUHANGXIAN。KAOLVDANGQIANJIANSUHANGXINGSUOXIAOHAODEGUOSHENGYUNNENG,CHAODAXINGJIZHUANGXIANGCHUANBOSHICHANGRONGLIANGYIJINGJIEJINBAOHE。

          表3 超大型集装箱船舶全部交付后的亚欧航线

          ZONGHELAIKAN,XINYILUNCHAODAXINGJIZHUANGXIANGCHUANBODINGDANCONGQIYESHIJIAOLAIKANYOUQIHELIXING,DANSHIBIJIANGJINYIBUJIAJUXINGYEJINGZHENG,JINERYINGXIANGBANLUNSHICHANGZHENGGEFUSUTAISHI。ZAIZAOCHUANCHANNENGGUOSHENG、HANGYUNJINRONGHUABEIJINGXIA,CHUANBODAXINGHUAZUOWEIYIZHONGZUICHUANTONG、ZUIZHIJIEDECHENGBENJINGZHENGFANGSHI,DUIYUJIZHUANGXIANGBANLUNGONGSIJINGZHENGYOUSHIDEYINGXIANGCHENGDUBUDUANZAIJIANRUO。BENWENYEXIWANGHUYUBANLUNQIYEKEYIGENGJIAGUANZHUQUANCHENGWULIUFUWU,GENGJIAGUANZHUDOOR-CYDUANDEZONGHEFUWU,GENGJIAGUANZHUSHUZIHUA、XINXIHUAYUXINJISHUDENGYINGYONG,CONGGENGDUOWEIDU、GENGDUOSHIJIAOLAITISHENGGONGSIHEXINJINGZHENGLI。(ZUOZHE:ZHANGYONGFENG、WUQIONG SHANGHAIGUOJIHANGYUNYANJIUZHONGXINGUOJIHANGYUNYANJIUSUO)

           

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